Article Title : Employment Tribunals
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Employment tribunals hear cases and make decisions on employment issues such as unfair dismissal, redundancy payments, discrimination and a range of claims relating to wages and other payments.
Normally an employee requires two years continuous employment to bring a claim. Where an employee is dismissed on any of the following grounds the qualifying service period does not apply:
Losing tribunal cases can be an expensive business. Compensation is awarded as follows for unfair dismissal claims:
In cases where an employer fails to consult their employees during a redundancy process the tribunal may issue a Protective Award which may be up to 90 days’ pay. A days’ pay in these circumstances is not subject to a cap. If collective consultation was required and this was not carried out in accordance with the legal requirements, any award given to a single individual affected will be granted to all those involved. These awards have exceeded £1m.
Where a successful breach of contract claim is brought, the maximum award is £25,000. If the tribunal finds that an employee has been unlawfully discriminated against, the award is not limited. The largest sum awarded by a tribunal in 2015/6 for a sex discrimination claim was nearly £1.8m.